Medical Weight Loss
Weight loss is a reduction of the total body mass, due to a reduction of fluid, body fat, lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon and other connective tissue. It can occur unintentionally due to an underlying disease or can arise from a conscious effort to improve an actual or perceived overweight/obese state.
There are many detrimental health effects of obesity. People with a BMI (Body Mass Index) exceeding a healthy range have a much greater risk of medical issues. These include heart disease, diabetes, many types of cancer, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, and ultimately, mortality. People may find it difficult to lose weight on their own and it is very common for dieters to have tried fad diets only to find that they gain weight, or return to their original weight, after ceasing the diet. There are techniques and methods to educate and prevent these habits from continuing.
Bariatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity. This field also encompasses dieting, exercise and behavioral therapy approaches to weight loss, as well as pharmacotherapy and surgery. Although diet, exercise, behavior therapy and anti-obesity drugs are first-line treatment, medical therapy for severe obesity has limited short-term success and very poor long-term success. Weight loss surgery generally results in greater weight loss than conventional treatment, and leads to improvements in quality of life and obesity related diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.
Unintentional weight loss occurs in many diseases and conditions, including Cancer, AIDS, an overactive thyroid, gastrointestinal disorders, renal disease, cardiac disease, pulmonary disease, connective tissue disease, dementia, some side effects to medications, and some times, stress. It is to be noted that there have been studies that show that stress can also cause obesity and sudden weight gain.
Intentional weight loss refers to the loss of total body mass in an effort to improve fitness and health, and/or to change appearance. It can be done on a healthy level (exercise, proper caloric intake, reduction of toxins) and a very unhealthy one (starvation, drug abuse, and crash dieting).
Therapeutic weight loss, in individuals who are overweight or obese, can decrease the likelihood of developing diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancer. While being overweight had been thought to be linked to stroke there is no strong evidence to support that link.
There are many diet plans and recipes that can be helpful for weight loss. While some are deemed as unhealthy and harmful to one’s general health, others are recommended by specialists. Diet plans are generally designed according to the recommended caloric intake but it is important to note that combined with increased physical activity, low-calorie diets are thought to be most effective long term. Physical activity could greatly enhance the efficiency of a diet as well as the intake of proper foods and fiber. The healthiest weight loss regimen, therefore, is one that consists of a balanced diet and moderate physical activity. The golden rule in weight loss is to avoid foods that are high in fats, which contribute to increased body mass and are detrimental to the overall health. Weight gain has been associated with excessive alcohol consumption, depression, stress, and boredom. Additionally, proper and consistent sleep patterns assist in digestion and metabolic issues.